Wordsage offers the following Editing Services:
- Light, Medium, and Heavy Editing
- Developmental Editing
- Production Editing | Publishing Management
- Manuscript Evaluation
Levels of Editing
At all levels of copyediting—light, medium, or heavy—the copyeditor corrects errors, queries the author about conflicting statements, requests advice when the means of resolving a problem is unclear, and prepares a style sheet. The copyeditor may also incorporate the author’s replies to queries; this work is known as cleanup editing.
• Correcting faulty spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
• Correcting incorrect usage (such as can for may).
• Checking specific cross-references (for example, “As Table 14-6 shows…”).
• Ensuring consistency in spelling, hyphenation, numerals, fonts, and capitalization.
• Checking for proper sequencing (such as alphabetical order) in lists and other displayed material.
• Recording the first references to figures, tables, and other display elements.
A light copyedit does not involve interventions such as smoothing transitions or changing heads or text to ensure parallel structure. The editor checks content only to detect spots where copy is missing. Our aim is to make the least bit of changes and still maintain your unique voice.
• Performing all tasks for light copyediting.
• Changing text and headings to achieve parallel structure.
• Flagging inappropriate figures of speech.
• Ensuring that key terms are handled consistently and that vocabulary lists and the index contain all the terms that meet criteria specified by the publisher.
• Ensuring that previews, summaries, and end-of-chapter questions reflect content.
• Tracking the continuity of plot, setting, and character traits, and querying the discrepancies, in fiction manuscripts.
• Enforcing consistent style and tone in a multi-author manuscript.
• Changing passive voice to active voice, if requested.
• Flagging ambiguous or incorrect statements.
• Typemarking the manuscript.
• Performing all tasks for medium copyediting.
• Eliminating wordiness, triteness, and inappropriate jargon.
• Smoothing transitions and moving sentences to improve readability.
• Assigning new levels to heads to achieve logical structure.
• Suggesting—and sometimes implementing—additions and deletions, noting them at the sentence and paragraph level.The key differences between heavy and medium copyedits are the levels of judgment and rewriting involved. In a heavy copyedit, we will improve the flow of text rather than simply ensuring correct usage and grammar; and may establish a uniform level, tone, and focus if necessary.
Developmental editing can include consultation before the writing begins. The developmental editor may help plan the organization, features, and other aspects of the work, and prepare developmental reviews or analyses. Duties often include the following:
- Suggesting formats to communicate the message.
- Rewriting and restructuring the text to fit the format.
- Moving entire paragraphs and sentences to improve flow.
- Ensuring consistent structure by adding or deleting headings.
- Identifying gaps in content, and supplying or describing the needed copy, so the author can resolve them.
- Deleting content that is outdated or that does not achieve the desired marketing focus or tone.
- Developing an effective system for handling trademarks and notes.
- Developmental editing may also involve altering the content to meet the recommendations of reviewers and determining the style and general content of the illustrations and/or diagrams.
(Sourced from Bay Area Editors’ Forum.)
Production Editing | Publishing Management
Production editing involves managing the entire production process from manuscript to finished product, including:
- Scheduling and tracking.
- Reviewing all aspects of the editorial and production process and enforcing consistent standards throughout.
- Ensuring communication among all members of the editorial team, including the designer and those who create the illustrations and diagrams, if appropriate.
- Incorporating the author’s replies to queries (cleanup editing).
- Ensuring the quality of typography and manufacturing.
- Executing administrative procedures (such as registration of copyright).